Published: July 2017Contents
i) What are the hot topics?
There is great international variety in private litigation procedure as a tool for securities enforcement. At one extreme is the United States, with its broad access to courts, relatively permissive pleading requirements, expansive pretrial discovery rules, readily available class-action principles and generous fee incentives for plaintiffs’ lawyers. At the other extreme lie jurisdictions like China, where private securities litigation is complex, expensive, seldom remunerative and accordingly quite rare. As the survey reveals, there are many intermediate points in this continuum, as each jurisdiction has evolved a private enforcement regime reflecting its underlying civil litigation system, as well as the imperatives of its securities markets.
This review reveals an equally broad variety of public enforcement regimes. Canada’s highly decentralised system of provincial regulation contrasts with Brazil’s Securities Commission, a powerful centralised regulator that is primarily responsible for creating and enforcing Brazil’s securities rules. Every country has its own idiosyncratic mixture of securities lawmaking institutions; each provides a role for self-regulating bodies and stock exchanges but no two systems are alike. And while the European regulatory schemes have worked to harmonise national rules with Europe-wide directives – an effort now challenged by the imminent departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union – few countries outside Europe have significant institutionalised cross-border enforcement mechanisms, public or private.
ii) Tell us about any key legal developments – recent or pending – and their international impact.
An important example is the matter of cross-border securities litigation, treated by each of our contributors. As economies and commerce in shares become more global, every jurisdiction is confronted with the need to consider cross-border securities litigation. The chapters of this volume show jurisdictions grappling with the problem of adapting national litigation systems to a problem of increasingly international dimensions. How the competing demands of multiple jurisdictions will be satisfied, and how jurisdictions will learn to work with one another in the field of securities regulation will be a story to watch over the coming years.
iii) Tell us about any key legal developments – recent or pending – and their international impact.
Civil securities litigation has continued to be a growth industry as the 2008 crisis has given rise to a new normal in the private enforcement of securities laws. While class actions are a predominant feature of US securities litigation, there are signs that aggregated damages claims are making significant inroads elsewhere. Class claims are now well established as part of the regulatory landscape in Australia and Canada, and there appears to be accelerating interest around the world in securities class actions and other forms of economically significant private securities litigation. Whether and where this trend takes hold will be one of the important securities law developments to watch in coming years.
Ropes & Gray New York
Ropes & Gray Boston
Jingtian & Gongcheng Beijing
Jingtian & Gongcheng Shanghai