Richard Caldwell is a principal in the London office of the Brattle Group. He has been with the firm for close to 20 years and is an economics and financial expert, with experience valuing businesses and financial instruments across a range of industries, from energy to banking to telecoms, and in a range of settings. He routinely provides economic and financial advice concerning the areas of corporate finance and valuation, the pricing of securities and derivatives, and assessments of competition and regulatory issues. Richard has advised the European Commission and national regulators on financial issues, and testified before the UK Competition Appeals Tribunal on the level of returns for telecom companies. He has also testified on damages and financial issues in over 30 international arbitrations before tribunals set up under the rules of the Energy Charter Treaty, the London Court of International Arbitration, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes and UNCITRAL, and under Dutch law and Swiss law. Richard has worked on behalf of both claimants and respondents.