Consumer choice for financial products and services is proliferating across global markets. The ability to reach consumers at any time on their mobile phones, tablets or other devices has helped attract substantial capital investment in consumer financial services.
Franchising, in its various forms, continues to present businesses with one way of achieving profitable and successful international growth without the need for either substantial capital investment or a broad managerial infrastructure. In sectors as diverse as food and beverage, retail, hospitality, education, healthcare and financial services.
Although patent litigators should always be mindful that patent litigation has, with some justification, been
called the ‘pathology of the patent system’, not so much as a criticism, but more in recognition of how remarkably little patent litigation there is in fact when seen in relation to the number of patents in force at any one time, patent litigation is also the anvil on which patent law is forged.
The Review provides an introduction to healthcare economies and their legal frameworks in 16 jurisdictions. While hugely diverse, it is possible to discern common challenges and similar approaches in very different countries.
Key topics covered in this and future editions include the constraints imposed by antitrust on licensing, the circumstances under which a refusal to license intellectual property rights can be unlawful, the imposition of antitrust obligations on owners of standard-essential patents, the application of antitrust law to cross-border e-commerce, the growing importance of intellectual property issues in merger cases, and the intense disputes regarding the application of antitrust law to patent settlements in the pharmaceutical industry.