Environmental law is global in its reach. Multinational companies make business plans based on the laws and regulations of the countries in which they are headquartered and have manufacturing facilities as well as the countries in which they distribute and sell their products. This book offers a review, by leading environmental lawyers, of significant environmental laws and issues in their respective countries around the world.
2018 has been a transitional period for the international oil and gas industry. With the industry enduring a fourth straight year of low oil prices, and with no prospects for a significant increase in sight, participants in the industry have been forced to adapt. Oil companies must continue to be disciplined, allocating scarce capital only to their best prospects, and shelving less promising projects for future years. Some in the industry have already started to worry that by reducing capital expenditures the seeds of a future price shock are being sown.
Much of the mining sector continues to emerge from a lengthy down-cycle. The world economy continues to expand, albeit at a deliberate pace. This book gathers the views of leading mining practitioners from around the world. The first part of the book is divided into 18 chapters, each dealing with mining in a particular jurisdiction. These countries were selected because of the importance of mining to their economies and to ensure a broad geographical representation. Mining is global but the business of financing mining exploration, development and – to a lesser extent – production is concentrated in a few countries, Canada and the United Kingdom being dominant. As a result, the second part of the book has five chapters that focus on financing.