This publication aims to give readers a high-level overview of the principal transfer pricing rules in each country covered in the Review. Each chapter summarises the country’s substantive transfer pricing rules, explains how a transfer pricing dispute is handled, from initial scrutiny through to litigation or settlement, and discusses the interaction between transfer pricing and other parts of the tax code (such as withholding taxes, customs duties, and attempts to prevent double taxation).
The aim of this volume is to provide a useful guide to those international and institutional investors willing to invest in real estate properties located in Europe, and to illustrate in a comparative manner possible alternatives for the establishment of investment platforms in Europe and investment vehicles at a local level. In particular, each country-specific chapter provides insights from leading experts on key tax considerations and investment opportunities based on the relevant national legislation.
The objective of this book is to provide tax professionals involved in disputes with revenue authorities in multiple jurisdictions with an outline of the principal issues arising in those jurisdictions. In this, the eighth edition, we have continued to add to the key jurisdictions where disputes are likely to occur for multinational businesses. Each chapter provides an overview of the procedural rules that govern tax appeals and highlights the pitfalls of which taxpayers need to be most aware.
It is hoped that this volume will prove to be a useful guide to the tax rules in the jurisdictions where clients conduct their businesses. Each chapter aims to provide topical and current insights from leading experts on the tax issues and opportunities in their respective jurisdictions. While specific tax advice is always essential, it is also necessary to have a broad understanding of the nature of the potential issues and advantages that lie ahead; this book provides a guide to these.
Executive remuneration encompasses a diverse range of practices and is consequently influenced by many different areas of the law, including tax, employment, securities and other aspects of corporate law. We hope this book will be particularly useful in circumstances where a corporation is considering establishing a presence in a new jurisdiction, and is seeking to understand the various rules and regulations that may govern executive employment (or the corporate governance rules relating thereto) with regard to newly hired (or transferring) executives in that jurisdiction.
There is no doubt that the increased cost and complexity of regulation is driving trends towards simpler structures with fewer layers and involving fewer jurisdictions. The theme of ever-greater levels of transparency and increased complexity of overlapping regulation continues. The dichotomy between Western Europe and the United States, in terms of their different approach to these issues, also remains very apparent to observers.