Environmental law is global in its reach. Multinational companies make business plans based on the laws and regulations of the countries in which they are headquartered and have manufacturing facilities as well as the countries in which they distribute and sell their products. Moreover, multinational companies have global environmental, health and safety goals and practices that tend to be worldwide in their scope for reasons of policy and operational consistency.

For these and other reasons, this second edition of The Environment and Climate Change Law Review is timely and significant. This book offers a review, by leading environmental lawyers, of significant environmental laws and issues in their respective countries around the world, with updates since last year’s first edition.

Climate change continues to dominate international environmental efforts, and we have also witnessed efforts to promote sustainability. Many countries are making efforts to promote conservation and renewable or green energy. Changes in reliance on coal and nuclear energy have impacts on the demand for other energy sources. All of these changes have impacts on efforts to reduce greenhouse gases.

Environmental law continues to change and evolve, as new regulations are adopted and existing rules are amended or challenged in courts or interpreted by agencies. In the United States, 2017 has seen the election of a new President and an administration that seems to have different priorities in the related areas of environment and energy. Future editions of this book will continue to focus on changes and developments.

This book presents an overview and, of necessity, omits many details. The book should thus be viewed as a starting point rather than a comprehensive guide. Each chapter of this book, including mine, represents the views of the author in his or her individual capacity, and does not necessarily reflect the views of the authors’ firms or clients, or the authors of other chapters, or my views as the editor. This book does not provide legal advice, which should be obtained from the reader’s own lawyers.

I wish to thank the many authors who contributed their time and expertise to the preparation of the various chapters to this book. I also wish to thank the editors at Law Business Research for their continued attention to this project. We hope this book helps you to gain a better understanding of environmental law in various countries around the globe.

Theodore L Garrett

Covington & Burling LLP

Washington, DC

United States

January 2018